Why?I don't agree with discrimination as part of the requirements, but I will agree with the use of the concept of representativeness as part of a selection process where this step comes in when there's a tie in competency.
Really, what role does gender identity play in ones capability to work on Climate change?
I could understand different academic perspectives on climate change to ensure broad representation.
But I don't see how gender identity changes would impact the scientific work, unless you think different genders have different scientific aptitutdes (which would be IMO sexist/genderist)
The problem is that if they didn't have a gender requirement, one could reasonably assume that the selected person was the most qualified.
However if they're hired with this additional restriction a few thoughts will get raised.
1. The candidate pool was artificially limited, and assuming a 50/50 split in the field, it is possible that you got a second rate candidate. In male dominated fields the odds are even worse.
2. It also exposes the little secret, the people who put this requirement in don't think that women can get this position based on their merit.
You need to make the case that gender representativeness is beneficial in a scientific context.For instance, say you need 10 people and gender representativeness would be beneficial, then you receive 100 applicants, the top 2 are both women scoring 97 and 96, then 4 men scored 92, then 6 women and 5 men all scored 90, the reminder scoring less than 90. In this case I wouldn't call it discrimination to end up selecting 5 women and 5 men due to the tie in competency evaluation (top 2 women scoring 97 and 96 plus 3 women scoring 90, plus 4 men scoring 92 and 1 man scoring 90).
Since I don't believe that gender is correlated to scientific capability, I see no benefit.
Secondly, what if you get 100 applicants for 10 people.
The top candidates score
97,96,92,92,92,92,90,90,90,90,90,90,90. None of them disclose their gender identity citing privacy reasons.
5 men and 5 women score 60.
Who do you hire?
Why stop at gender? Maybe 50% of all teachers should be Conservative instead of the current 95% Liberal majority.
By that logic why do I have to disclose my gender identity? What about privacy?Because this would require you to divulgate your political beliefs, considering that people don't want to share everything about their personal life and beliefs. What about privacy, right?
I'd argue that diversity of thought (including political beliefs) is a far more important criteria than gender identity with respect to "representation"